Remember breadfruit? How many of you liked eating breadfruit. I did not but my mom loved eating this fruit/vegetable but today breadfruit is king and I wish I could get a piece of it sometimes. You never know what you have until you can’t get it.
It looks a bit alien, like a green coconut with goosebumps, and it sounds like an exotic hybrid—is it produce, or a baked good?—but breadfruit is really rather ordinary in many parts of the world.
“Sure, I know what breadfruit is! It grows everywhere in Puerto Rico, where I grew up, and its so good,” says Carmen Eyzaguirre, a Smithsonian librarian in Washington, DC. “It tastes like something between a potato and a plantain.”
According to The Breadfruit Institute at the National Tropical Botanical Garden in Hawaii, breadfruit (artocarpus altilis) grows in almost 90 countries, mostly in the Pacific Islands, southeast Asia, the Caribbean and Central America.
There are hundreds of varieties, but the most ubiquitous are the types propagated by colonial powers as a source of food for slaves in places like the West Indies.
A member of the mulberry family, breadfruit grows on trees that mature quickly and fruit abundantly for many years, which could make it valuable in the fight against world hunger.
1 Breadfruit, mature and firm
2 Tbsp butter
½ to 1 cup grated cheese, such as cheddar or mozzarella Salt
Optional toppings: Salsa, refried beans, guacamole, sour cream
Wash breadfruit and pat dry. Cut it into quarters, lengthwise, and remove the spongy core. Place quarters skin-side down in a pan filled with about an inch of salted water; add garlic if desired. Boil 12-15 minutes or until the flesh is easily pierced with a fork, but still firm.
Remove breadfruit from pan and let it cool. Peel and cut into crescent-shaped slices, about 1/4th-inch thick. Melt 1 Tbsp butter in a skillet (cast-iron works best) on low heat. Add breadfruit slices and fry until they are lightly golden on the bottom. Flip slices, adding more butter if necessary, and melt cheese on top of each one while the underside browns.
Arrange breadfruit slices on a plate like nachos, and sprinkle with sea salt or garlic salt if desired. Top with guacamole, salsa, refried beans, sour cream or whatever else strikes your fancy!
Alternative: Use olive oil instead of butter, and make a Mediterranean version topped with things like pesto, tomatoes, fresh mozzarella and/or grated Parmesan cheese.
¾ cup breadfruit, steamed/boiled and mashed
1 cup honey
½ cup butter
½ cup sugar
1 tsp vanilla
2 cups flour
1 tsp baking powder
1 tsp baking soda
¾ tbsp cinnamon
½ cup sour cream
½ cup macadamia nuts, chopped
½ cup raisins
Cream butter and honey. Mix in breadfruit, sugar and vanilla. Sift together dry ingredients. Add dry ingredients to creamy mixture; add sour cream until well blended. Add nuts and raisins. Pour into buttered or sprayed 8-inch x 8-inch cake pan. Bake at 350º for 1 hour.
Ulu Shrimp Cakes with Macadamia Nut Pesto
½ breadfruit (ulu), steamed/boiled and mashed
1 small onion, diced
6 jumbo shrimp, chopped, or 1 cup crab meat
5 scallion leaves, chopped
2 cups breadcrumbs
1 egg, whisked
Pinch of salt & white pepper
¼ cup macadamia nuts, chopped
1 cup basil, chopped
1 cup parsley, chopped
½ cup oil
Pinch of salt & white pepper
Mix breadfruit, onion, shrimp or crab, scallions, salt and pepper and form into patties. Dip in egg, then breadcrumbs. Deep fry until golden brown in color. Blend all pesto ingredients in a food processor or blender until smooth. Drizzle a little over the breadfruit cakes, and serve the rest in a bowl as a dipping sauce.